HIGH BLOOD Disease (Hypertension)

Types of high blood Disease or hypertension is a situation where someone has increased above normal blood pressure shown by the systolic (upper) and the bottom number (diastolic) blood tension examination using a blood pressure measuring device either in the form of mercury cuff (sphygmomanometer) or any other digital tools. This is the antithesis of low blood disease.

Normal values of blood pressure a person with size height, weight, normal activity level and health, in General, is 120/80 mmHG. In the daily activity, blood pressure normally is with the value of the number range is stable. But in General, the number decreased blood pressure checks while sleeping and rising at the time of activity or exercise.

When someone is experiencing high blood pressure and not getting treatment and regular control (routine), then it can be brought the sufferer into serious cases can even cause death. High blood pressure causes the heart of someone who continually works extra hard, eventually, these conditions result in the occurrence of the damage to the blood vessels, heart, kidney, brain, and eyes. This hypertension disease is a common cause of occurrence of stroke and heart attack (heart attack).

High blood disease or hypertension is known to two types of classifications, including primary and Secondary Hypertension Hypertension:
1.    Primary Hypertension
Primary hypertension is a condition in which the occurrence of high blood pressure as a result of the impact of one's lifestyle and environmental factors. Someone who diets and results in uncontrolled overweight or even obese is the originator of the start to be exposed to the disease high blood pressure. Similarly, someone who is in a high-stress conditions or environment is very likely exposed to the disease high blood pressure, including those that lack of exercise can also experience high blood pressure.
2.    Secondary Hypertension
Secondary hypertension is a condition in which the occurrence of high blood pressure increased as a result of someone experienced like other disease/heart failure, kidney failure, or damage the body's hormone system. Whereas, in pregnant women, generally increased blood pressure during pregnancy was 20 weeks. Especially in women who are above normal weight or obese.

Pregnancy-Induced Hypertension (PIH), this is a term in terms of health (medical) for pregnant women suffering from hypertension. The condition of hypertension in pregnant women can be severe or moderate dangerous. Pregnant women with high blood pressure in pregnancy preeclampsia can experience it.

Preeclampsia is a condition of a pregnant woman who suffered hypertension, so it felt such complaints; dizziness, headache, impaired vision, abdominal pain, swollen face, lack of appetite, nausea, and even vomiting. In the event of a spasm as the impact of hypertension, it is called Eclampsia.


The CAUSE of the
The use of drugs such as corticosteroids (cortisone) and some hormonal medications, including some drugs (anti-inflammation) on an ongoing basis (often) can increase a person's blood pressure. Smoking is also one of the factors the causes of the occurrence of high blood pressure due to improved tobacco contains nicotine. Drinks containing alcohol is also one of the factors that may cause the onset of high blood pressure.


TREATMENT
Diets for high blood Disease (hypertension)
·         Salt content (Sodium/Sodium)
Someone who suffered from high blood disease should control us in consuming salty-hot salt, there are some tips that can be done to control diet sodium/sodium;
1.    Do not put salt on top of the dining table
2.    Select the number of the low sodium content when purchasing a meal
3.    Limit the consumption of meat and cheese
4.    Avoid salty snacks-salty
5.    Reduce tomato sauce commonly contain sodium.

·         The Content Of Potassium/Potassium
Supplements of potassium 2-4 grams/day can help decrease blood pressure. Potassium is generally plentiful in some fruits and vegetables. Fruits and vegetables that contain potassium and good for high blood pressure sufferers consumed include avocado, watermelon, melon, pare, chayote, bingo, parang pumpkin/gourd, cucumber, Aloe Vera, celery, onion, white. In addition, foods containing omega-3 elements very known effective in helping decrease blood pressure (hypertension).

Treatment of hypertension is usually combined with some drugs;
1.    Diuretic {Tablets Hydrochlorothiazide (HCT), Lasix (Furosemide)}. Is the process of with hypertension medication dispensing fluids of the body via the urine. But because of the wasted potential of potassium in the urine, then the control fluid consumption of potassium must be done.
2.    Beta-blockers {Atenolol (Tenorim), Capoten (Captopril)}. The drug is used in the control of blood pressure by slowing down the heart and widened (vasodilatory) blood vessels.
3.    Calcium channel blockers {Norvasc, Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE)}. It is one of the drugs commonly used in the control of hypertension or high blood through a process of relaxation of blood vessels also widen the blood vessels.

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