Influenza, symptoms, causes, and prevention

Influenza, or flu, is a viral infection that attacks the lungs, nose, and throat. This is a contagious respiratory disease with symptoms ranging from mild to severe.

Due to the flu and colds have similar symptoms, it can be difficult to distinguish between the two diseases. In most cases, flu symptoms are more severe and last longer than regular colds.

Anyone can get sick with the flu, but some people have a higher risk for infection. This includes children under the age of 5 years and adults older than 65 years.

The risk of influenza disease also increases, if you have a weak immune system or if you have a chronic disease, such as:
  • ·         Heart disease
  • ·         Kidney disease
  • ·         Diabetes, type 1 and type 2

What Are The Symptoms Of Influenza?

At first, the flu can mimic the common cold. Early symptoms may include a sore throat, sneezing, or Snot. Some of the symptoms that goes:
  • ·         Fever
  • ·         Sore muscles
  • ·         Body Mengigil
  • ·         Sweating
  • ·         Headache
  • ·         Dry cough
  • ·         Nasal congestion
  • ·         Feeling exhausted and weak

Influenza disease usually does not require treatment of the doctor. Symptoms often improve with home treatment within about a week. You can relieve the symptoms of the common cold and flu medications and with colds. It is also important to lots of rest and drinks plenty of fluids, consumption of goldfish is also good for health.

However, you can ask the doctor about antiviral drugs. Taken in the first 48 hours of symptoms, antiviral can alleviate the time and severity of flu.

Complications Of Flu

Most people recover from the flu without complications. But sometimes, secondary infections can develop, such as pneumonia, bronchitis, or ear infections.

If the symptom goes away, and then come back a few days later you may have a secondary infection. Immediately to a doctor if you suspect secondary infections. If not treated, pneumonia can be life-threatening.

How Is The Flu Spread?

To protect yourself against the flu, you need to understand how the virus spreads. the flu is very contagious. This is why it can spread quickly in all environments.

Influenza-allows to infect someone one day before symptoms begin, and up to five to seven days after you become sick. After making contact with a virus, you will begin to show symptoms within one to four days.

You can even transmit the virus to someone before you realize that you are sick. Most major flu spread is from person to person. If a person sneezes, coughs, or talks, droplets from an infected person to spread into the air. If these droplets touching the nose or mouth, you can be a pain too.

You can also get the flu from a handshake, a hug, and the touching surfaces or objects contaminated with the virus. This is why you should never share drinking glasses or utensils with anyone, especially the sick.

How Is Influenza Prevented?

Because of the risk of complications, it is important to protect yourself and your family from viruses. Since the flu virus can spread from person to person, make sure you wash your hands often with SOAP or use alcohol-based hand Sanitizer. In addition, avoid touching the nose and mouth with your hands.

The flu virus can live on hard surfaces and objects for two to eight hours. Use disinfecting wipes or spray on the surface generally touch at home or at work to better protect themselves.

If you are caring for someone with the disease influenza, use face masks to protect themselves. You can help stop the spread of flu by covering coughs and sneezes. The best thing to coughing or sneezing into Your elbow instead of your hands.

In addition, consider getting an annual flu vaccination. This vaccine is recommended for all people over the age of six months. The vaccine protects against common strains of the flu virus. Although the vaccine is not 100 percent effective, it can reduce the risk of flu of 50 percent to 60 percent.


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